Khachapuri (Georgian: ხაჭაპური)) is a traditional Georgian dish of cheese-filled bread. The bread is leavened and allowed to rise, and is shaped in various ways. The filling contains cheese (fresh or aged, most commonly suluguni), eggs and other ingredients.
There are several distinctive types of khachapuri in Georgian food from different regions of Georgia:
• Imeretian (Imeruli) khachapuri, which is circular and probably the most common type.
• Adjarian (Acharuli/Adjaruli) khachapuri, in which the dough is formed into an open boat shape and the hot pie is topped with a raw egg and a pat of butter before serving
• Mingrelian (Megruli) khachapuri, similar to Imeritian but with more cheese added on top
• Abkhazian (Achma) khachapuri, which has multiple layers and looks more like a sauceless lasagna. Achma is the common name for this type. The name ‘Abkhazian Khachapuri’ is never used.
• Gurian (Guruli) khachapuri, in addition which has boiled eggs inside dough and looks like Calzone. Arguably, it is not a type of Khachapuri. Gurians make them for Christmas and call them simply ‘Christmas pie’. In the rest of Georgia, it is called ‘Gurian pie’.
• Ossetian (Ossuri) khachapuri, which has potato as well as cheese in its filling. It is commonly called Khabizgini.
• Svanuri khachapuri
• Rachuli khachapuri
• Phenovani khachapuri
Kuchen (German pronunciation: [ˈkuːxən]), the German word for cake, is used in other languages as the name for several different types of sweet desserts, pastries, and gateaux. The term itself may cover as many distinct desserts as its English counterpart “cake”.
Kuchen desserts are presumably handed down from people of German heritage and as such are often popular in many areas of German settlement in the United States, particularly Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Indiana, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Kuchen was introduced into Chilean cuisine when German immigrants settled southern Chile in the 1850s. Kuchen in Chile usually have fruits, such as apples, strawberries or murtas. Nontraditional Chilean kuchen with walnuts are sometimes offered. Now kuchen are found in many Chilean bakeries and in many of the larger supermarkets. In Brazil, it is called “cuca”, or less commonly, “cuque” and can be found in areas of German settlement, like Rio Grande do Sul, Paraná and Santa Catarina states.